Children can be exposed to violence as direct victims, or as witnesses. This type of stress can impact their health and well-being. However, with the right support from key people and other resiliency builders in their lives, many children exposed to trauma can thrive.
The primary types of violence that children are exposed to include (as witnesses and/or direct victims):
Child abuse (physical, verbal, emotional and neglect)
Crime and assault
Teen dating violence
War/acts of terrorism
To learn more about how exposure to this type of stress and violence can impact brain development, health and other life outcomes, the following resources are available:
Learn more about Coaching Boys Into Men, developed by Futures Without Violence, a teen dating violence primary prevention program where coaches support young men to be strong team members who also have healthy dating relationships.
Multnomah County Defending Childhood has partnered with Portland Public Schools and Raphael House of Portland to implement Coaching Boys Into Men in all boys sports in every Portland Public high school. Learn about the local implementation efforts here: